Creating a culture of risk-taking in the mathematics classroom
byOctober 14th, 2016 All Blog Posts
At the beginning of each school year we spend time helping students learn expectations for walking down hallways and how to act in the cafeteria. We teach classroom routines like where to turn in homework and signals for getting quiet. In addition, we spend time using community building activities to help students get to know each other personally. Rather than limiting these getting-to-know you experiences to learning what we did over the summer or what our favorite team is, what if we spent time helping them get to know each other as learners?
The Instructional Practices Inventory identifies the following student behaviors for the learning environment of an effective mathematics classroom:
- Take an academic risk and rely on their own thinking and the thinking of other students
- Listen and ask questions to each other to clarify information; respectfully challenge ideas; make conjectures
- Explain their reasoning; construct viable arguments and critique the reasoning of others
- Communicate using appropriate mathematical language both orally and in writing
- Work well in a variety of grouping structures
If this is the ideal mathematics classroom, then what do we do to build this kind of culture for learning? One where students take risks and “rely on their own thinking and the thinking of others”?
First, we can build student awareness of their own learning style and needs and those of their classmates. One way to do this is to ask students two questions: “When you’re working on a difficult math problem…”
- What supports your learning?
- What is not helpful?
Have students individually reflect on these questions and then discuss their answers in small groups. Consider having each group share one or two ideas with the whole class and create a whole class chart. Here are some ideas your students might share:
Your students will likely share more ideas! Keeping the chart posted in the classroom and referring to it at the beginning of math class continues to remind students of the experience.
Now that students have aired their learning needs with each other, it’s the perfect time to put this knowledge to work by providing them with a problem solving task that requires them to work together to solve. Here is one of my favorites from Marilyn Burns’ book About Teaching Mathematics, Fourth Edition:
I like to have students work in teams of two or three and to use any tools they need: pattern blocks, pictures, Cuisenaire rods, etc. Students record their solutions on chart paper and share their strategies with the rest of the class. It’s fascinating to watch students interact and respond to each other after recognizing each other’s learning needs from the small and whole group discussions.
Mathematical practice and process standards expect students to solve problems and persevere in solving them. While we want students to know each other personally, we also want them to know each other as learners. This allows them to engage in more risk-taking, to see each other as sources of support and information, and see mathematics as more than just problems that require one procedure to follow to get one correct answer.
What kinds of experiences do you provide for your math students at the beginning of the school year that foster risk-taking, communication, and collaboration? Please share!
Mary Mitchell designs and provides K–8 professional development for district-level administrators, school-based math leadership teams and teachers across the country. Her main priority is the students and teachers that she serves. Find Mary on Twitter at @marymitchell.